Hybrid adaptive-optics visual simulator

Optics Letters
Carmen Cánovas; Pedro M. Prieto; Silvestre Manzanera; Alejandro Mira; Pablo Artal

We have developed a hybrid adaptive-optics visual simulator (HAOVS), combining two different phasemanipulation technologies: an optically addressed liquid-crystal phase modulator, relatively slow but capable of producing abrupt or discontinuous phase profiles; and a membrane deformable mirror, restricted to smooth profiles but with a temporal response allowing compensation of the eye’s aberration fluctuations. As proof of concept, a phase element structured as discontinuous radial sectors was objectively tested as a function of defocus, and a correction loop was closed in a real eye. To further illustrate the capabilities of the device for visual simulation, we recorded extended images of different stimuli through the system by means of an external camera replacing the subject’s eye. The HAOVS is specially intended as a tool for developing new ophthalmic optics elements, where it opens the possibility to explore designs with irregularities and/or discontinuities.