Comparison of two scanning instruments to measure peripheral refraction in the human eye

Journal of Optical Society of America
Bart Jaeken; Juan Tabernero; Frank Schaeffel; Pablo Artal

To better understand how peripheral refraction affects development of myopia in humans, specialized instruments are fundamental for precise and rapid measurements of refraction over the visual field. We compare here two prototype instruments that measure in a few seconds the peripheral refraction in the eye with high angular resolution over a range of about 45 deg. One instrument is based on the continuous recording of Hartmann– Shack (HS) images (HS scanner) and the other is based on the photorefraction (PR) principle (PR scanner). On average, good correlations were found between the refraction results provided by the two devices, although it varied across subjects. A detailed statistical analysis of the differences between both instruments was performed based on measurements in 35 young subjects. Both instruments have advantages and disadvantages. The HS scanner also provides the high-order aberration data, while the PR scanner is more compact and has a lower cost. Both instruments are current prototypes, and further optimization is possible to make them even more suitable tools for future visual optics and myopia research and also for different ophthalmic applications.